Bakemonogatari Wiki
Bakemonogatari Wiki

With the witty, meta prose Nisio Isin is known for, the Monogatari Series is full of references and tributes to other anime, films, manga, video games, and internet memes alike. This page is meant to highlight as many as possible found in the light novel and TV series in detail in one place.

Since certain references are featured in both the light novel series and anime, light novel references will be exclusive to ones that were left out of the adaptation. Note that there's a lot of references, so this page is nowhere near complete.

References can also be found in the Cultural References section of most episode pages.

References in the Light Novels[]

References to other Anime/Manga[]

Death Note[]

In the English publication of Kizumonogatari, upon first meeting Hanekawa after seeing her underwear, she not only calls Araragi by his full name, but also explains the exact characters to write it. This surprises him, to which he responds in narration:

"Seriously? She knew my name and face. If she had a Death Note, I'd be dead..." (Isin 24).

In the Death Note series, a death note is a notebook that causes anyone's name written in it to die, so long as the writer knows their name and face. Interestingly, Monogatari author Nisio Isin has also written a spin off Death Note novel known as Death Note Another Note: The Los Angeles BB Murder Cases.

Dragon Ball Z[]

In the English publication of Kizumonogatari, when explaining how Kiss-shot changes forms to Hanekawa, Araragi states:

"Well, to put it Lord Frieza Style, she has two more transformations left, one for her right leg, and one for both her arms." (Isin 153).

In Dragon Ball Z, Lord Frieza is a villain who transforms multiple times in the series. He's infamous for having at least 6 different forms, each more powerful than the last.

In the second part of the Owarimonogatari anime, Koyomi imitates Yamcha's death.

References to Video Games[]

Dragon Quest[]

In the light novel version of Hitagi Crab, on page 76, Senjougahara jokingly threatens to spread a rumor about Araragi involving him attempting to equip the slave armor on Nera Briscoletti, a party member in Dragon Quest V.

References in the TV series[]

References to other Anime/Manga[]

Ashita no Joe[]

In the second cour of Owarimonogatari during Hitagi Rendezvous, when Araragi is talking to Tsukihi about how violent he was in the past, he assumes Jou Yabuki's form.

Araragi Ashita no Joe
Yabuki Jou
Astro Boy

In Tsukimonogati Episode 1, while Tsukihi is washing and playing in Koyomi's hair, she uses the foam of the soap to create a quick hairstyle to Koyomi, making his hair resembles of the famous Astro Boy's haircut.

Araragi astro boy 1
Astro boy

Black Jack[]

In the second season of Owarimonogatari, Mayoi Hell, when Araragi does the typical wordplay with Hachikuji, his face takes on the form of the sutured face of Kuroo Hazama, the infamous unlicensed doctor of Osamu Tezuka's Black Jack manga.

Araragi Black jack
Black jack OVA 1993

Fullmetal Alchemist[]

In Bakemonogatari Episode 1, after Hitagi pokes Koyomi's eyes, he asks her what kind of equivalent exchange prompted that. Senjougahara replies "Copper: 40 grams, zinc: 25 grams, nickel: 15 grams, hiding my embarrassment: 5 grams, plus spite: 97 kilograms. These are the ingredients that make up my verbal abuse." This is a direct reference to both Fullmetal Alchemist's use of the law of equivalent exchange, as well as a discussion on the composition of a human body from the first arc of the Fullmetal Alchemist manga and repeated in episodes of both the original anime series and Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood. In Nisemonogatari Episode 3, some doodles of various Fullmetal Alchemist characters, including Roy Mustang, Edward Elric, and Alphonse Elric can be seen in Hitagi's textbook. The implication here is that Hitagi is a fan of the franchise.

Medaka Box[]

In Owarimonogatari Episode 09, while Ononoki puts her foot mark on Araragi's face, she says: "(...)'Jinsei wa saigo ni wa Purasu, Mainasu, Zero ni naru' datte... Hah! Sore wa shindara zero ni naru no wa atari maeda tsuno!" Which means: "(...)'The life boils down to Pluses, Minuses and Zeroes'... Hah! All that's left in the end is definitely the Zero!".


Pluses, Minuses and Zeroes - Ononoki-chan's version

This is a reference to the famous line of Misogi Kumagawa from Medaka Box: "(...)'Jinsei wa Purasu, Mainasu, Zero' datte iu yatsu wa... kimatte Purasu no yatsu nanda." Which means: "The one who said 'The life boils down to Pluses, Minuses and Zeroes' must have been a Plus."


Pluses, Minuses and Zeroes-0

Plus, Minus and Zero are the classifications given to the kind of characters' mentality. It's worth noting that Medaka Box is also written by Nisio Isin, meaning he's referencing his own work.

Neon Genesis Evangelion[]

In Nisemonogatari Episode 01, while Araragi is held captive by Senjougahara, she tells him:

"You won't die. Because I will protect you."

To which he responds:

"I'd prefer this conversation without random Eva references."


Nisemonogatari - Evangelion Reference

This is referring to a scene in Neon Genesis Evangelion where main character Shinji expresses concern to his female partner Rei that they might die in an approaching mission while getting dressed. Rei responds, stating the same exact lines as Senjougahara.

Shingeki no Kyojin

In Koyomimonogatari Episode 02, when talking about having a fence on the rooftop of the the school, imagery of Araragi mimicking the famous pose of the Colossal Titan from Attack on Titan peaking over a large wall appears on screen.

Attack on araragi

Sailor Moon[]

In the Tsukimonogatari anime Yotsugi Ononoki reenacts the iconic pose by Usagi Tsukino, the titular character of the series.

Higurashi When They Cry[]

In Tsukimonogatari Yozuru Kagenui says to get on with the Resolution Arc and unravel the mystery which alludes to the Higurashi visual novel. The story structure of the VN is divided into Question and Resolution arcs. This fits in the Monogatari series due to its arc-based storytelling and use of mystery elements throughout.

References to Japanese Literature[]

No Longer Human by Osamu Dazai[]

In Nisemonogatari Episode 09, a few frames of Koyomi were changed into the famed author Osamu Dazai. His depressed pose depicted in the anime shows his stress when he was writing the novel.

Nise Osamu Dazai reference

References to Western Film[]

2001: A Space Odyssey[]

In Kizumonogatari Part 2: Nekketsu, as Tsubasa Hanekawa lifts her skirt to show Ararargi her panties, imagery referencing the opening to 2001: A Space Odyssey is shown, complete with the original music.

2001 hanekawa

2001 A Space Odyssey Opening in 1080 HD

James Bond[]

In Owarimonogatari Episode 04, the episode opens with a monologue from Araragi describing himself as a young middle schooler. One scene of imagery holds a striking resemblance to the opening of the 1962 Bond film Dr. No.


The Name is Araragi, Koyomi Araragi (007 Owarimonogatari Parody)

Note, the audio in this video was added by a fan.


James Bond 007 - Dr No opening credits. No opening credits (1962)-HD-

The Shawshank Redemption[]

In Owarimonogatari Episode 10, when Araragi goes to Haruya Book Store to buy some things for Kanbaru, he realizes it is the first time in a while he's been completely alone, as his pairing between Shinobu had been temporarily severed. As he explains this through monologue, he exclaims "Freedom!" while imagery of him facing a rainstorm appears onscreen. This imagery is identical to the poster for the American film The Shawshank Redemption.

Araragi shawshank
The Tatami Galaxy In Koyomimonogatari Episode 6, as Koyomi talks to Hanekawa the walls in his room are covered with climbing holds resembling boobs, this is in reference to a scene in The Tatami Galaxy Episode 2.

A Clockwork Orange[]

In Zoku Owarimonogatari Episode 05, as Koyomi talks about his conversation with Tooe Gaen to Yotsugi, he wanted Yotsugi to look at his eyes even though she's not an optometrist. The scene changes to him having an eye exam while the Mirror World Yotsugi plays the optometrist, referring to the same visuals seen in the film.

Zoku Owari Clockwork Orange reference

References to Western Animation[]


In Hanamonogatari Episode 04, when Kanbaru teases Araragi for the way his car looks, his reaction depicts him drawn in a Peanuts style.

Peanuts araragi

The Powerpuff Girls[]

In Nekomonogatari Black Episode 02, when Shinobu, tries to escape from Araragi's hands to eat the donuts lying on the floor, he tosses her at away. When she hits the wall, it shows her drawn in a Powerpuff Girls design, with stubby legs and arms.

Ppg shinobu

A key chain version of this design can also be seen in Araragi's car in Hanamonogatari Episode 04.

Key chain shinobu

In Owarimonogatari Episode 03, when Araragi and Ougi talk about the letter he received in middle school, imagery describing a game show appears on screen with characters depicted in similar designs, including a male that resembles The Professor.

Monogatari inkling 2

The female also resembles a female Inkling found in the Japanese Nintendo video game Splatoon.

References to Video Games[]

Resident Evil[]

Seen in Zoku Owarimonogatari Episode 02, it shows Koyomi with a Fine status condition usually present Resident Evil games.

Zoku Owari Resident Evil reference

References to Internet Memes[]

Reaction Guys / Gaijin 4koma[]

In Bakemonogatari Episode 09, when Araragi and Kanbaru witness Sengoku topless to show her scars, they mimic a popular internet picture depicting four men excitedly reacting to the 2004 Legend of Zelda Twilight Princess trailer.

Reaction guys monogatari